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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear

Patient: soccer player, ACL tear


An ACL tear is a common knee injury that occurs when the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is stretched or torn. It is often seen in soccer players due to the quick changes in direction and pivoting movements involved in the sport. Symptoms of an ACL tear include a popping sound at the time of injury, severe pain, swelling, and instability in the knee. Treatment options may include physical therapy, bracing, and in some cases, surgery to repair or reconstruct the torn ligament.

Based on similar treatments, the clinical criteria/approval criteria/medical necessity for ACL tear treatment (such as surgery to repair or reconstruct the torn ligament) may include:



1. Diagnosis of ACL tear established by either:


- Exam findings of a positive anterior drawer sign, pivot shift test, or Lachman test.


- Report of CT or MRI demonstrating an ACL tear.



2. At least one of the following scenarios is present:


- ACL tear occurring in conjunction with a meniscal tear or other ligamentous injury (e.g., medial collateral ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, posterolateral corner).


- The patient is involved in a physically demanding occupation (e.g., firefighter, law enforcement, construction) or regularly engages in activities that involve cutting, jumping, and/or pivoting (e.g., skiing, basketball, football).


- Two weeks of conservative care has been tried and failed (e.g., physical therapy, activity modification, oral analgesics).



It's important to note that these criteria may vary depending on specific insurance policies and guidelines. It is recommended to consult with healthcare providers and insurance companies for accurate information regarding approval criteria and medical necessity for ACL tear treatment.


ACL tear
ACL tear

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